We are a constellation of our Microbiome and Ourselves
- The New Sizzling Hot:
The new sizzling hottest organism discovered and we are very sorry to say that it’s not one of your favourite actor or actress but a bacteria. We at PencilText present before you a list of newly found microorganisms.
Pyrolobus fumarii “Strain 121” isolated from the Finn thermal vent within Faulty Towers in the Pacific Ocean. It can survive at 121⁰C normally and even at 130⁰C for 2 hours. It is an unusual organism as it relies on iron to digest food and produce energy.
2. Space Travelers:
Microbes taking a free ride to the outer space have also been isolated. Bacilluspumilus “SAFR032” and Bacillussubtillis 168 are the hitchhikers that can survive very well in Martian environment. Whether human can survive on mars or not, this still remains a question but these freelancers’ microbes can surely do. They develop endospores to resist the environment condition.
3. Deadliest Poison:
A new type of botulinum toxin (BOTOX) has been discovered and is believed to be the deadliest substance known to human race. This is the type H of the botulinum family produced by Clostridiumbotulinum. The genetic sequencing has been done already but the scientists are withholding it so that this wouldn’t lead to terrorism as it is well known that the third world war would be a bio-war
4. Scariest Virus:
One of the most deadly viruses well known to everyone is the Ebolavirus. Spreads by close contact with bodily secretion. Ebola Haemorrhagic fever EHF has 50-90% mortality rate. There is no known cure yet which is what makes it the deadliest. So BEWARE OF EBOLA VIRUS
5. Old yet does not need a cane:
An ancient bacterium that has survived for 250 million years has been isolated from salt crystals buried 609 metres below ground at a cavern in NEW Mexico U.S. this old native lived millions of years before the dinosaurs.
6. The tinsy winsy:
Australian scientists from Queensland University found the smallest known micro-organism in a sample of rock deep beneath the sea-bed of Western Australia. It is 20 nm in size (20 millionths of a mm) have been called “Nanobes” since then .they are so small that they are giving a hard time to the scientist to study them any further. As said by Dr Uwins “Anything smaller than 50 nm had been considered too minute to contain genetic and enzymatic material essential for life”. So what does this tiny tinsy contain?
7. I am invincible:
Deinococcusradiodurans is the most radiation resistant microbe ever known to mankind. This species has been given the nickname “ CONAN the BACTERIUM” for its toughness. It can survive doses of ionising radiation 1000 folds stronger than which could kill a human.
8. Life from pure energy:
Electric bacteria Shewanellaoneidensis can breathe electron, eat electron and excrete electron – the purest form of energy. They are omni present. The experiment has been done to show the growth of these electric bacteria on battery electrodes keeping them alive by only electricity.
9. Say hi to your renters:
National Institute of Health (NIH) recently estimated that 90% of cells in the human body are bacterial, fungal or otherwise non-human. These microbes live in every part of a body including the gut-skin. Some are infectious but the majority are non-infectious.
10. Watermelon snow:
The picturesque view of the Alpine mountain during the summer with their pink coloured snow is just heavenly. This is due to the presence of Chlamydomonasnivalis; green algae contain a red carotenoid pigment which makes it appear pink /red. The snow even smells like watermelon and may act akin to a laxative.
Featured Image Source: askthedentist.com